Unsafe Headstones – Restoration of memorials

At Last nights National Trust(NSW) Cemeteries Committee Meeting (Monday 16 June 2003) the topic of headstone restoration and relevant standards that can/should apply to monuments of heritage significance were discussed.

The meeting was attended by representatives with backgrounds in Heritage Architecture, Local Authority Heritage Advice, Rural Heritage Consultants and Advice, Monumental Stone Masonry, Geology, Cemetery Operations and Management, Structural E

The “Burra Charter” heritage document was explained to the meeting and an example of how this can be used in conjunction with the existent Australian Standards for Headstone & Monument construction (AS 4204-94).

Across the board there was agreement to the large variance between site managed ‘operational’ and in this instance metropolitan cemeteries and the expected work practices (compliance with legislation and acts, etc), work quality and site regulation and that of the council controlled rural cemetery or burial ground seldom used, if at all still considered operational.

Discussed were the current restoration benchmarks expected at state recognised locations like Waverley Cemetery and The Necropolis at Rookwood (specifically Anglican & General Cemeteries). In these locations full rebuilds are recommended and encouraged including new internal drilling/pinning of all existing elements, with replacement in exact replica of missing or unsalvageable elements that are then set on modern foundation work (below ground) that meets and where possible exceeds the current Australian Standard (AS4204– 94) to avoid future vandal damage. This was viewed by many rural representatives as a prohibitively expensive process when used in conjunction with heritage advisers and consultants and the documentation process required by places like the Heritage Commission and other grant issuing entities that many rural applicants would not consider. Education of clients and contractors by the site managers or administrators was an example of overcoming this type of preconception of work necessarily being too expensive in consideration of the end result. There was not always the need to include the use of consultants and advisers depending on the site management, this is certainly not an automatic process for the metropolitan cemeteries.

Monumental Masons illustrated examples of what were referred to as acceptable levels of restoration and contrasted with visually substandard levels of restoration work that clearly compromised the existing integrity of the memorial design.

Underpinning was discussed with regard to any work where modern compliant equipment can not access the memorial; location. Issues of OH&S; Safety were also high on the discussion topics.

The important consideration of the history of monuments being ‘modernised’ was also raised and the need to recognise that this was a regular practice for families as they were able to afford a more appropriate commemoration.

The general resolution was made that if any work is done it must meet or where possible exceed the current standard, with reference to site interpretations by the location owner. Manager, or administrative controller. And it was the responsibility of these site officers to establish a management regime as a first and unavoidably necessary step.

Those in attendance were requested to provide a written ‘wish list’ of general direction or guidelines for monument assessment and matrix for work on heritage items and have this returned to the NT committee meeting before 21 July 2003 for further committee discussion.

This important aspect of cemetery management (even closed ‘historic’ cemetery sites or burial grounds need management principles to be followed) and important future preservation of heritage relics seems like a good workshop for the National Trust and any relevant industry associations to explore in the near future.

Henry’s in a grave state of neglect

After years of neglect the monument over the grave of leading Australian literary figure Henry Lawson(1867-1922) is in desperate need of an overhaul – but no one wants to pay for it.

At least that’s what Michelle Cazzulino wrote in the Daily Telegraph

Lawson’s grave can be found in Sidney’s Waverley Cemetery where Waverley Council has a sponsorship program allowing individuals or companies to take financial responsibility for keeping the graves in order.

But the council’s Bronwyn Kelly says they can’t find sponsors.

The director of corporate and technical services said the council had approached numerous companies and organisations.

“Those graves are obviously significant from a cultural point of view – every grave in Waverley basically is,” she said.

“We recently had a quote to restore the Henry Lawson grave, which started at $14,520.

“The repairs are not as simple as they look.

“I’m always stunned at how much it costs to take care of this little plot, but to restore them to their normal fabric, you get stonemasons in to quote and it’s really expensive.”

Historic Cemetery’s wall collapses

An 85-foot section of the Fredericksburg City and Confederate Cemetery’s brick wall collapsed. The historic wall’s collapse is thought to be an aftermath of Hurricane Isabel, which pounded the area a year ago

The Fredericksburg City Cemetery and Confederate Cemetery are surrounded by a common brick wall. In 1867 a group of Fredericksburg women, The Ladies Memorial Association, purchased the land adjoining the Fredericksburg City Cemetery. They had organized one year earlier for the purpose of caring for the graves of the Confederate dead on the battlefields. 

The association then had soldiers re-interred at the new location, which became the Confederate Cemetery. In time, headstones supplied by various Southern states replaced the original cedar posts. A life-size zinc statue of a soldier on dress parade, an impressive monument, was dedicated in 1884 to the “Confederate Dead.” The Ladies Memorial Association continues to care for the cemetery. Each year they hold a Memorial Day observance.

Six Confederate generals and more than 3,300 Southern soldiers lie buried here amid quiet, peaceful surroundings. 2,184 of them are unknown, yet the park has a roster of the known dead. Retired U.S. Army Brigadier General Daniel Davis Wheeler, a Medal of Honor recipient for actions at Salem Heights in May 1863, is buried in the City Cemetery. He married a Fredericksburg woman after the Civil War.

The Central Rappahannock Regional Library has a searchable, online roster of the Confederate soldiers buried in this cemetery. The National Park Service is currently working on a database that will eventually contain the names of all the soldiers who died in the Fredericksburg area as well as information about these people. Call (540) 373-6122 for information. 

A roster listing the interments in the Confederate Cemetery may be consulted at the Fredericksburg Battlefield Visitor Center on Lafayette Boulevard.